PEMIKIRAN FILSAFAT AL-KINDI

Abu Bakar Madani

Abstract


Al-Kindi is the first Muslim philosopher to construct Islamic philosophical thoughts in a systematic and clear way. Philosophical thoughts of Al-Kindi are reflection of doctrines that he received from classic Greece sources and the legacy of Neo-Platonic thoughts combined with Islamic faith. Al-Kindi opens the room of dialogue to combine philosophical doctrines and religion. Knowledge about God, according to Al-Kindi, is early philosophy or the first philosophy; philosophy that states al-Haqq as telos that will end the overall works of philosophy. Al-Kindi divides intelligence based on several stages as follows: active intelligence (intelligence that guarantees the ability of human beings to understand rational matters that needs external stimuli), actual intelligence (potential intelligence that escaped potential boundary when soul started to understand rational and abstract matters), and physical intelligence (intelligence that seriously comprehend rational matters and seeks to transform potential matter into actual thing).

Keywords: Philosophical Thought, al-Kindi


Full Text:

PDF

References


Dedi Supriyadi, Pengantar Filsafat Islam (Konsep, Filsuf, dan Ajarannya), Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 2009

H.A. Khudori Soleh, Filsafat Islam: Dari Klasik Hingga Kontemporer, Jogjakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media, 2013

Hasan Basri, Filsafat Islam, Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Islam Kementerian Agama Republik Indonesia, 2013

Harun Nasution, Falsafat dan Mistisisme Dalam Islam, Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1973 Majid Fakhry, Sejarah Filsafat Islam: Sebuah Peta Kronologis, (terj) Zaimul Am, Bandung: Mizan, 2001

Muhammad Nasir, Kumpulan Makalah S2, Program Pascasarjana IAIN Alauddin Ujung Pandang, 1996.

Nina W. Syam, Filsafat Sebagai Akar Ilmu Komunikasi, Bandung: Simbiosa Rekatama Media, 2010

Wahyu Murtiningsih, Para Filsuf dari Plato sampai Ibnu Bajjah, Jogjakarta: IRGiSoD, 2013

Zaprulkhan, Filsafat Islam: Sebuah kajian Tematik, Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada, 2014




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21093/lj.v17i2.433

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Contact us:Address: FUAD, IAIN Samarinda; Jl. Jl. Abul Hasan No 3, Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia. Email: jurnal.lentera@gmail.com