Hybridization of Islamic Education and Neuroscience: Transdisciplinary Studies of 'Aql in the Quran and the Brain in Neuroscience

Suyadi Suyadi

Abstract


The essence of Islamic education, in addition to the transfer of value and knowledge is the optimization of all human potential. Most of human potential rests on his brain. The science of studying the brain is neuroscience. Therefore, Islamic education and neuroscience can be hybridized in an interdisciplinary manner. The purpose of this study was to find new scientific varieties resulted from hybridization of Islamic education and neuroscience. This research is an interdisciplinary study with a qualitative approach in the form of library research. The source of the research data is the literature in the field of Islamic education and neuroscience that is explored and collected documentary and analyzed with content analysis. The results of the study showed that the concepts of nasiyah (crown) and ‘aql (mind) in the Quran have a correlation with the brain and mind in neuroscience. Both can be hybridized so as to find new varieties of science called the Islamic Education Neuroscience. This new branch of science has the potential to be equivalent to the scientific branches that have been developing so far, such as the philosophy of Islamic education, the psychology of Islamic education, the anthropology of Islamic education and so is the neuroscience of Islamic education. Educators, both teachers and lecturers who study this science can do stimulation and intervention to optimize students' brain potential in an integrated manner in learning Islamic diversity.


Keywords


brain, hybridization, Islamic education, mind, neuroscience

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, M. A. (2015). Islam di Indonesia atau Islam Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmah Sosiologi Agama, 9(2), 1–28.

Al-Faruqi, I. R. (1995). Islamisasi Pengetahuan. (terj. Anas M., Ed.). Bandung: Pustaka.

Alferink, L. A., & Farmer-Dougan, V. (2010). Brain-(not) based education: Dangers of misunderstanding and misapplication of neuroscience research. Exceptionality, 18(1), 42–52. https://doi.org/10.1080/09362830903462573

Ansari, D., Bert De Smedt, R. H. G. (2011). Neuroeducation—A Critical Overview of An Emerging Field. Neuroethic, Spinger Science+Business Media B.V.

Atherton, M. (2005). Applying the Neurosciences to Educational Research: Can Cognitive Neuroscience Bridge the Gap? Part I. Brain/Neurosciences & Education SIG Newsletter/Annual Meeting, 1–12. Retrieved from http://www.tc.umn.edu/~athe0007/papers/EducationandNeuroscience.pdf%5Cnpapers3://publication/uuid/0EC51458-03A3-4408-84B9-C104F449EF90

Barni, M. (2017). Al Ghazāli’s Thoughts on Islamic Education Curriculum. Dinamika Ilmu, 17(2), 251–260.

Bruer. J. T. (1997). Education and the Brain: A Bridge Too Far. Educational Researcher, Vol. 26 (8).

Damasio, A. (2009). Memahami Kerja Otak, Mengendalikan Emosi dan Mencerdaskan Nalar. terj. Yudi Santosa. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

DePorter, B. & Hernacki, M. (2000). Quantum Learning, Membiasakan Belajar Nyaman dan Menyenangkan, trj. Alwiyah Abdurrahman, Cet. VII. Bandung: Kaifa.

Dundar, S., & Ayvaz, U. (2016). From Cognitive to Educational Neuroscience. International Education Studies, 9(9), 50. https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v9n9p50

Edelenbosch, R., Kupper, F., Krabbendam, L., & Broerse, J. E. W. (2015). Brain-based learning and educational neuroscience: Boundary work. Mind, Brain, and Education, 9(1), 40–49. https://doi.org/10.1111/mbe.12066

Fischer, K. W. (2009). Mind , Brain , and Education : Building a Scientifi c Groundwork for Learning and Teaching 1. Mind, Brain and Education. Vol 3 (1).

Goleman, D. (2006). Emotional Intelligences. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

______. (2007). Social Intelligence, The New Science of Human Relationship, Trj. Hariono S Iman. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Goswami, U. (2004). Annual review Neuroscience and education. Most, 74(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1348/000709904322848798

Gunawan, A. W. (2003). Genius Learning Strategy, Petunjuk Praktis Menerapkan Accelerated Learning. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Hebb, D. O. (2012). Teori Neurofisiologis Dominan. In B.R. Hergenhahn dan Matthew H. Olson (Ed.), Theories of Learning, Trj. Triwibowo B.S., Edisi Ketujuh, Cetakan IV. Jakarta: Kencana.

Hadi, S. (2016). Education Hybridization of Pesantren and its Challenges in Rural Industrialization, 5(December), 261–285.

Hadie, W., Tahapari, E., & Hadie, L. E. (2010). CATATAN SINGKAT Efektivitas persilangan dalam peningkatan produktivitas ikan patin melalui hibridisasi antar spesies [ The effectivity of crossbreeding to improve productivity of catfish through interspecific hybridization ] Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia, 10(2), 2001.

Hardiman, M., Rinne, L., Gregory, E., & Yarmolinskaya, J. (2012). Neuroethics, neuroeducation, and classroom teaching: Where the brain sciences meet pedagogy. Neuroethics, 5(2), 135–143. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12152-011-9116-6

Ikrar, T. (2016). Ilmu Neurosains Modern. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

ITB, T. T. I. salman. (2014). Tafsir Salman: Tafsir Ilmiah Juz’amma. Bandung: Mizan dan YPM Salman ITB.

Jensen, E. (2010). Art With the Brain in Mind. Alexandria,Virginia USA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/101011.aspx

_____. (2000). Brain-Based Learning, The New Science of Teaching & Training. California: Corwin Press.

_____. (2005). Teaching With Brain Mind (2Edition R). Alexandria, Virginia USA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, ASCD.

Kedisan, D. (2016). Hibridisasi Seni Kerajinan Patung di Desa Kedisan, Bali, 06(02), 177–194.

Kuntowijoyo. (2004). Islam sebagai Ilmu: Epistemologi, Metodologi dan Etika. Yogyakarta: Teraju.

Mattson, M. P., Longo, V. D., & Harvie, M. (2017). Impact of intermittent fasting on health and disease processes. Ageing Research Reviews, 39(2016), 46–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arr.2016.10.005

Medina, J. (2011). Brain Rule: 12 Kedahsyatan Otak di Tempat Kerja, Sekolah dan Rumah, Trj. Satrio Wahono. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Newberg, A. (2010). Principles of neuroethology. New York: Random House Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.

Newberg A., & Waldman, M. R. (2009). How God Changes Your Brain, Breakthrough Findings From a Learning Neuroscientist. New York: Ballantine Books.

Norsiah, F., & Siti Naqiah, S. (2015). Al-Quran Untuk Terapi Minda dan Penyembuhan : Kajian menggunakan Quantitative Electroencephalograph ( qEEG ). Global Journal Al-Thaqafah, 5(2), 99–110.

Nouri, A. (2016). The basic principles of research in neuroeducation studies. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education, 4(1), 59–66. https://doi.org/10.5937/IJCRSEE1601059N

Numba, S., Pola, A., Dna, S., Kloroplas, G., Hibridasi, H., Tanaman, S., … Dna, P. (2017). Sudirman Numba : Analisis Pola Segregasi DNA Genom Kloroplas Hasil Hibridasi Somatik Tanaman Kentang Menggunakan Teknik RAPD (Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA), 1(2), 75–85.

Oey-Gardiner, M., Rahayu, S. I., Abdullah, M. A., Effendi, S., Darma, Y., Dartanto, T., & Aruan, C. D. (217AD). Era Disrupsi: Peluang dan Tantangan Pendidikan Tinggi Indonesia.

Ormrod, J. E. (2008). Psikologi Pendidikan, Membantu Siswa Tumbuh dan Berkembang, Trj. Wahyu Indiantu, dkk, Edisi Keenam, Jilid I. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Pasiak, T. (2006). Manajemen Kecerdasan: Memberdayakan IQ, EQ, dan SQ Untuk Kesuksesan Hidup. Bandung: Mizan.

_____. (2009). Unlimited Potency of the Brain: Kenali dan Manfaatkan Sepenuhnya Potensi Otak Anda yang Tak Terbatas. Bandung: Mizan Bandung. Retrieved from http://mizan.com/index.php?fuseaction=buku_full&id=2629

_____. (2012). Pendidikan Karakter Sebagai Pendidikan Otak. In Mengetasi Masalah Narkoba dengan Welas Asih (pp. 190–192). Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

_____. (2008). Revolusi IQ/EQ/SQ : Menyingkap Rahasia Kecerdasan Berdasarkan Al-Quran dan Neurosains Mutakhir. Bandung: Mizan Bandung. Retrieved from http://www.bukukita.com/Agama/Islam/57846-Revolusi-IQ-EQ-SQ-:-Menyingkap-Rahasia-Kecerdasan-Berdasarkan-Al-Quran-dan-Neurosains-Mutakhir

Pramono, B., & Ansori, R. W. (2016). Fenomena hibridasi sains dalam karya sastra, 3(2).

Rahman, H., Akademi Pengajian Islam Kontemporari, M., Sauri, S., Zahirwan Halim, M., Akademi Pengajian Islam Kontemporari, Z., Hassan Akademi Pengajian Islam Kontemporari, P., Akademi Pengajian Islam Kontemporari, Y. (2017). Aplikasi Pemikiran Islam Dalam Pendidikan Sains The Application of IslamicThought in the Teaching of Science, 7(1), 79–89. Retrieved from www.gjat.my

Rahmi, A., Mahmudy, W. F., & Anam, S. (2017). Hibridisasi Algoritma Genetika Dengan Variable Neighborhood Search (VNS) Pada Optimasi Biaya Distribusi. Jurnal Teknologi Informasi Dan Ilmu Komputer, 4(2), 87. https://doi.org/10.25126/jtiik.201742287

Rich, B. (ed). (2009). Neuroeducation: Learning, Arts, And The Brain. New York/ Washington, D.C.: Johns Hopkins University Summit.

Rodgers, D. L. (2015). The Biological Basis of Learning: Neuroeducation Through Simulation. Simulation and Gaming, 46(2), 175–186. https://doi.org/10.1177/1046878115590585

Sa’adi. (2011). A survey on the development of Islamic higher education in Indonesia : an epistemological review. IJIMS, Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 1(1), 151–169.

Sayadmansour, A. (2014). Neurotheology: The Relationship Between Brain and Religion. Iranian Journal of Neurology, 13(1), 52–55.

Sigman, M., Peña, M., Goldin, A. P., & Ribeiro, S. (2014). Neuroscience and education: Prime time to build the bridge. Nature Neuroscience, 17(4), 497–502. https://doi.org/10.1038/nn.3672

Snell, R. S. (2010). Clinical Neuroanatomy, 7th Edition. Statistical Science (7th ed.). China. Retrieved from http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ss/1242049389

Sousa, D. A. (2012). Bagaimana Otak Belajar Edisi Keempat. Jakarta: Indeks. Retrieved from http://www.indeks-penerbit.com/index.php?route=product/product&product_id=444

Squire L.R. (ed). (2008). Fundamental Neuroscience, Third Edition. London: Elsevier & AP.

Sutarman, Kurnianto, H., Tjahjono, T. H. (2017). The Implementation of Holistic Education in Muhammadiyah’s Madrasah Indonesia. Dinamika Ilmu, 17(2), 191–203.

Suyadi. (2015). Dasar-Dasar Pemikiran Menuju Ilmu Neurosains Pendidikan Islam (Optimalisasi Potensi Otak Dalam Pembelajaran Anak Usia Dini). Pascasarjana, Yogyakarta.

_____. (2018a). Diferensiasi Otak Laki-laki dan Perempuan Guru Taman Kanak-kanak Aisyiyah Nyai Ahmad Dahlan Yogyakarta: Studi Pendidikan Islam Anak Usia Dini Perspektif Gender dan Neurosains. Sawwa: Jurnal Studi Gender, 13(2), 179–202.

_____. (2018b). Pendidikan Islam Anak Usia Dini Dalam Perspektif Neurosains: Robotik Akademik Dan Saintifik. Edukasia: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Islam, 13(2), 231–262.

_____. (2018c). The Synergy of Arts, Neuroscience, and Islamic In Early Childhood Learning In Yogyakarta. Tarbiya: Journal of Education in Muslim Society, 5(1), 30–42.

_____. (2019). Millennialization of Islamic Education Based on Neuroscience in the Third Generation University in Yogyakarta Indonesia. QIJIS : Qudus International Journal of Islamic Studies, 7(1), 173–202.

Suyadi, S. (2018d). A Genealogycal Study of Islamic Education Science at The Faculty of Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan UIN Sunan Kalijaga. Al-Jami’ah: Journal of Islamic Studies, 56(1), 29–58. https://doi.org/10.14421/ajis.2018.561.29-58

Tommerdahl, J. (2010). A model for bridging the gap between neuroscience and education. Oxford Review of Education, 36(1), 97–109. https://doi.org/10.1080/03054980903518936

Varma, S., McCandliss, B. D., & Schwartz, D. L. (2008). Scientific and Pragmatic Challenges for Bridging Education and Neuroscience. Educational Researcher, 37(3), 140–152. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X08317687

Wahyono, A. (2014). Kebijakan Pendidikan Islam : Hibridasi Lembaga Pendidikan Tinggi, IIII, 115–134. https://doi.org/10.14421/jpi.2014.31.115-134

William Crain. (2007). Teori Perkembangan, Konsep dan Aplikasi, Trj. Yudi Santoso. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Wit, B. De, Badcock, N. A., Grootswagers, T., Hardwick, K., Wehrman, J., Williams, M., & Kaplan, D. M. (2017). Neurogaming Technology Meets Neuroscience Education : A Cost-Effective, Scalable, and Highly Portable Undergraduate Teaching Laboratory for Neuroscience. Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education : JUNE : A Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience, 15(2), 104–109.

Zohar, D. & Marshal, I. (1994). SQ: Memanfaatkan Kecerdasan Spiritual dalam Berpikir Integralistik dan Holistik untuk Memaknai Kehidupan. Bandung: Mizan.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21093/di.v19i2.1601

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Contact us: DINAMIKA ILMU; Address: FTIK, IAIN Samarinda; Jl. H.A.M. Rifadin, Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia. Email: journal.dinamika@gmail.com